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  1. Default Islam Guidance 
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    What do Muslims believe?

    Muslims believe in the One, Unique, Incomparable, Merciful God- the Sole Creator, Sustainer and Cherisher of the universe; in the Angels created by Him; in the prophets through whom his revelations were brought to humankind; in the Day of Judgment, and in individual accountability for action; in God’s complete authority over destiny, be it good or bad; and in life after death.

    Muslims believe that God sent His messengers and prophets to all people. Biblical prophets mentioned in the Quran include; Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Lot, Ishmael,
    Isaac, Job, Ezekiel, Jacob, Joseph, Jonah, Jethro, Moses, Aaron, Elijah, Elisha, David, Solomon, Zechariah, John the Baptist, and Jesus; peace be upon them all.

    God’s final message to humanity was revealed to the last prophet, Muhammad(peace be upon him), through the Archangel Gabriel. It confirmed and finalized all previous revelations that were to human kind through God’s messengers.

    One becomes a Muslim by believing and proclaiming that, “There is no deity except God, and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.” By this declaration the believer announces his or her faith in all of God’s messengers, and in the scriptures revealed to them.
    Last edited by justme; 07-01-2008 at 06:33 PM.

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    BELIEF IN ALLAH

    Who is Allah?
    Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God).
    The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God.
    What do Muslims believe about Allah?

    1. He is the one God, Who has no partner.
    2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation.
    3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just.
    4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship besides Him.
    5. He is First, Last, and Everlasting; He was when nothing was, and will be when nothing else remains.
    6. He is the All-Knowing, and All-Merciful,the Supreme, the Sovereign.
    7. It is only He Who is capable of granting life to anything.
    8. He sent His Messengers (peace be upon them) to guide all of mankind.
    9. He sent Muhammad (pbuh) as the last Prophet and Messenger for all mankind.
    10. His book is the Holy Quran, the only authentic revealed book in the world that has been kept without change.
    11. Allah knows what is in our hearts.

    Allah is the proper Arabic name for God. Muslims believe in and worship the same One God the Jew and Christians worship. Allah says in the Quran:

    “And do not debate with the People of the Book, unless in the best of manner, but not with those who are unjust, and say: ‘We believe in the Revelation that has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our God and your God is One; And to Him do we wholly give ourselves.’” (Quran 29:46)


    Allah is unique term with no plural and no gender. It predates Muhammad and was also used in the form of El, Ilah or Elohim by David, Moses, Jesus and other messengers of God, peace be upon them all.
    “He is God, the One that there is no deity but He; the Knower of the unseen and the apparent; He is the Source of All Mercy, the Merciful.
    He is God, the One that there is no deity but He; the King, the Holy, the Sourse of All Peace, the Guardian of Faith, the Preserver, The Mighty, the Compeller, the Majestic; Glory to God, beyond their association (of partners with Him)!

    He is God; the Creator, the Maker, the Fashioner. To Him belong the most beautiful names. All that is in the heavens and the earth magnifies Him; He is the Mighty, the Wise.” (Quran 59:22-
    Last edited by justme; 07-01-2008 at 05:35 PM.

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    ANGELS

    Belief in Angels:
    Muslims believe in the existence of the angels of Allah and that they are "honored servants. They do not speak before He does, and they act only by His command" (Quran 21:26). Allah created them, and they worship and obey Him. Those who are in His presence do not disdain to worship Him, nor do they weary" (Quran 21:19).

    Angels are concealed from us, so we cannot see them. Allah may show them to some of His servants. The Prophet Muhammad saw Gabriel in his real shape with six hundred wings that covered the horizons (Bukhari and Muslim). Gabriel took the form of a handsome human being who met Mary and engaged in conversation with her. He came to the Prophet while he was among his Companions in the appearance of an unknown man who did not show any trace of long travel, with very white clothes, and very black hair. He sat facing the Prophet, his knees to the Prophet's knees, peace be upon him, and his palms on the Prophet's thighs and talked with the Prophet. The Prophet later told his Companions that the man they saw was Gabriel (Bukhari and Muslim).

    Angels' Functions: We believe that the angels are assigned certain functions. Among the angels is Gabriel, who is entrusted with revelation. He brings it down from Allah to whomever He wishes among His prophets and messengers.

    Among them is Michael, who is in charge of rain and the growth of plants; Israfil, who is in charge of blowing the horn at the time of thunder-bolting and the resurrection; the Angel of Death, who takes away people's souls at the time of death. Among the angels is the one who is in charge of mountains; and Malik, the keeper of Hell.

    Some angels are in charge of embryos in wombs, others are responsible for protecting human beings, and others are busy recording men's deeds: there are two angels for every person, "when the two angels receive (his deeds), one sitting on the right and one on the left, not a word he utters but by him is an observer ready" (Quran 50:18). Some other angels are in charge of questioning the dead after he is placed in his last abode. Two angels come to him and ask him about his Lord, his religion, and his prophet. There "Allah confirms those who believe with the firm saying, in the present life and the hereafter, and Allah leads astray the evildoers and Allah does what He wills" (Quran 14:27). Some angels are in charge of the dwellers of Paradise: "The angels enter to them from every gate, saying: 'Peace be upon you for that you were patient. How excellent is your final home"' (Quran 13:24).

    The Prophet, peace be upon him, told us that "seventy thousand angels enter or pray in the populous house in heaven every day. They never come back to it as long as they live" (because their turn will never come) (Bukhari and Muslim).
    Last edited by justme; 07-01-2008 at 05:36 PM.

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    REVEALED BOOKS


    Belief in the Revealed Books:
    We believe that Allah revealed books to His messengers as proof against mankind and a guidance for the righteous workers. They purified and taught them wisdom by these books.
    We believe that Allah sent down a book with every messenger, because He says: "Indeed We sent down Our messengers with the clear signs, and We sent down with them the book and the balance, so that people may uphold justice" (Quran 57:25). Books Known:

    Among the books that were revealed, we know:
    I ) The Torah, which was revealed to Moses, peace be upon him. It is the greatest among the Israelites' books: "Surely, We sent down the Torah, wherein is guidance and light; by its laws the Jews have been judged by the prophets who surrendered themselves to Allah, the rabbis and the doctors of law, because they were entrusted the protection of Allah's book and were witnesses thereto" (Quran 5:44).

    2) The Gospel, which Allah revealed to Jesus, peace be upon him. It is a confirmation of the Torah and a complement to it: "And we gave him the Gospel, wherein is guidance and light and confirming the Torah before it, as a guidance and an admonition to the God-fearing" (Quran 5:46); "And to make lawful to you certain things that, before, were forbidden to you" (Quran 3:50).

    3) The Psalms, which Allah gave to David, peace be upon him.

    4) The Tablets of Abraham and Moses, peace be upon them.


    5) The Glorious Quran, which was revealed to His Prophet Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets. It is "a guidance to the people and clear signs of guidance and the criterion between right and wrong" (Quran 2:185). The Quran Is Protected from Change:


    The Quran is "confirming the scripture that was before it and stands as a guardian over it." Thus, by means of the Quran, Allah abrogated all the previous revealed books. Allah has also guaranteed its protection from any play or mischievous distortion: "Indeed, We sent down the message and We will guard it" (Quran 15:9), for the Quran is a proof against mankind till the Day of Judgment.

    Previous Scriptures Changed:
    The previous scriptures were meant for a limited period. Their use ended with the revelation of the Quran, which abrogated them and exposed their distortions and changes. That is why they were not protected from corruption. They underwent distortion, addition, and omission: "Some of the Jews pervert words from their meanings" (Quran 4:46); "So woe to those who write the Book with their hands, and then say: 'This is from Allah,' that they may sell it for a little price. So woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for their earnings" (Quran 2:79); "Say, who sent down the Book that Moses brought as a light and a guidance to people? You put it into sheets of paper showing some of them and concealing much" (Quran 6:91); "And there is a group among them who twist their tongues with the Book, that you may think it is a part of the Book but it is not part of the Book. And they say 'It is from Allah,' yet it is not from Allah, and they tell a lie against Allah and they know it. It is not for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book, the Wisdom and the Prophet hood to say to men 'Worship me instead of Allah"' (Quran 3:79); "People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you many things you have been concealing of the Book and forgiving you of much. A light has come to you from Allah and a glorious Book, with which He will guide whoever follows His pleasure in the way of peace, and brings them forth from darkness into the light by His will" (Quran 5:15-16).
    Last edited by justme; 07-01-2008 at 05:35 PM.

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    MESSENGERS

    Belief in Messengers:
    Muslims believe that Allah has sent to His people messengers who were "bringing good tidings and warning, so that mankind might have no argument against Allah after the Messengers. Allah is All-mighty, All-wise" (Quran 4: 165).

    The First and Last Messengers:

    We believe that the first among the messengers is Noah and the last is Muhammad, peace be upon them all:"We revealed to you as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him" (Quran 4: 163); and "Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets" (Quran 33:40).

    The Best Messengers:
    We believe that the best among the messengers is Muhammad, then Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, son of Mary. It is they who are meant by the following Quranic verse: "And when We took a compact from the prophets, and from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, then Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary. We took from them a solemn compact" (Quran 33:7). We believe that Muhammad's message, peace be upon him, includes all the merits of the messages of those dignified messengers, because Allah says: "He ordained for you what He enjoined on Noah and what He revealed to you and what He enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus; namely, establish this faith and be united in it" (Quran 42:13).

    Messengers Are Human Beings:

    We believe that all messengers are created human beings who have none of the divine qualities of Allah. Allah, the Exalted, said about Noah, who was the first among them: "I do not say to you, 'I possess the treasures of Allah.' I do not know the unseen, and I do not say 'I am an angel"' (Quran 11:31) Allah directed Muhammad, who is the last among them, to say: "I do not say to you I possess the treasures of Allah, nor do I know the unseen, and I do not say to you I am an angel" (Quran 6:50); and to say that "I have no power to bring profit or hurt for myself, but only as Allah wills" (Quran 7:188); and: "I have no power to hurt or benefit you. Say none can protect me from Allah, nor can I find any refuge besides Him" (Quran 72:91-2). We believe that the messengers are among Allah's servants. He blessed them with the message and described them as servants, in the context of praising and honoring them. He says about Noah, the first among them: "You are the descendants of those whom We carried with Noah, he was a truly thankful servant" (Quran 17:3). Allah said about the last among them, Muhammad, peace be upon him: "Blessed be He who sent down the Quran to His servant, that he may warn mankind" (Quran 25:1). As for some other messengers, he said: "And mention Our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, men of might and vision" (Quran 38:45); "And remember Our servant David, who was a mighty and penitent man" (Quran 38: 17); "And to David, We gave Solomon, he was an excellent and penitent servant" (Quran 38:30).

    Allah said about Jesus, son of Mary: "He is only a servant whom We blessed and We made him an example to the children of Israel" (Quran 43: 59). We believe that Allah concluded all messages with the message of Muhammad, peace be upon him, to all people, because He said: "Say, 'O mankind, I am Allah's Messenger to you all. To him belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth; there is no God but He. He ordains life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered Prophet who believes in Allah and His words. Follow him so that you may be rightly guided"' (Quran 7:158).

    Islam: The Universal and Final Message:

    We believe that the Shari'ah of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is the religion of Islam, which Allah has chosen for His servants. He does not accept any other religion from anyone, for He, the Exalted, said: "Surely, the true religion in Allah's sight is Islam" (Quran 3:19), "Today I have perfected your religion for you and I have completed My favor upon you, and I have chosen Islam to be your religion" (Quran 5:3), and "Whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from Him, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers" (Quran 3:85). It is our opinion that whoever claims that any religion other than Islam is acceptable, such as Judaism, Christianity and so forth, is a non believer. He should be asked to repent.

    It is also our opinion that whoever rejects the universal message of Muhammad, peace be upon him, rejects the message of all messengers, even if he claims that he believes and follows His Messenger. Allah, the Exalted, said:"Noah's people rejected the Messengers" (Quran 26:105). Thus, Allah considered them as rejecting all of the messengers despite the fact that there was no messenger before Noah. This is also clear from the following verses: "Those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers, and wish to make division between Allah and His Messengers, and say: 'We believe in some and disbelieve in others,' wishing to take a midway course. Those indeed are the unbelievers, and We have prepared for the unbelievers a humiliating punishment" (Quran 4:150-51).
    We believe that there is no prophet after Muhammad, Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him. Whoever claims prophet hood after him, or believes in anyone claiming it, is a disbeliever and one who rejects Allah, His Messenger, and the Muslims' consensus.
    Last edited by justme; 07-01-2008 at 06:30 PM.

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